- 1 Singaporean CPF & US Tax Treatment, FBAR & FATCA
- 2 U.S. Person with Singaporean Employer Contributions
- 3 CPF Growth
- 4 CPF Distributions
- 5 International Reporting Forms
- 6 FBAR Due Date and Extension
- 7 Form 8938 Due Date and Extension
- 8 Form 3520 Due Date and Extension
- 9 Form 3520-A Due Date and Extension
- 10 Form 5471 Due Date and Extension
- 11 Late Filing Penalties May be Reduced or Avoided
- 12 Current Year vs Prior Year Non-Compliance
- 13 Avoid False Offshore Disclosure Submissions (Willful vs Non-Willful)
- 14 Need Help Finding an Experienced Offshore Tax Attorney?
- 15 Golding & Golding: About Our International Tax Law Firm
Singaporean CPF & US Tax Treatment, FBAR & FATCA
The United States has not entered into a tax treaty with Singapore. Therefore, The US tax treatment of a Singaporean Central Provident fund (CPF) is different than how other types of foreign pension plans are taxed in the United States. For example, the United States has entered into a tax treaty with Thailand so that the provident fund in Thailand is generally treated under US tax laws similarly to how other treaty country pension plans are taxed paired with countries such as Singapore, Hong Kong, and Malaysia, the tax implications under the US tax code are different because there is no tax treaty entered into to defer the income associated with the CPF. In addition, several years ago the IRS issued memoranda that concluded CPF income is taxable because there are no specific rules that provide for the deferred tax treatment of a Singaporean CPF. Let’s review the basics of the U.S. Tax and Reporting of a CPF.
U.S. Person with Singaporean Employer Contributions
When a person is considered a US person and they are working for a Singaporean employer and that employer is making pre-tax contributions to the CPF, unfortunately, these pre-tax contributions are still taxable in the United States period since there is no tax treaty between the United States and Singapore there is no specific rule that exempts pre-tax contributions from the employer into the CPF. Some treaties, such as the US/UK tax treaty do allow for U.S. tax deferral of pre-tax contributions made by a Singaporean employer of a US person into a Singaporean CPF.
Throughout the life of the CPF, oftentimes there will be growth within the fund. There are many ways the fund can grow such as bank account interest income, investments in dividends and other stock that generates annual income, or possibly the taxpayer withdrawing money out of their CPF to purchase a home and using the home as a rental property that generates ‘CPF’ income as well. All these types of income are taxable during the growth phase because there is no specific rule that exempts US income tax on the growth in this type of fund.
Whether or not there is a treaty in place, the general rule is that distributions are taxable. When there is a treaty in place, oftentimes if those distributions are from a Public Pension, then it is only taxable at source. The CPF does not qualify for any tax deferral and so distributions from the fund are considered taxable in the U.S. There can be some complexity because oftentimes the CPF was accumulated before the person was a US person but that may require some forensic accounting if even accepted by the IRS which can cost in the tens of thousands of dollars for taxpayers seeking to try to parse out the distinction between what may have been basis before becoming a U.S. person as distribution versus what is considered income generated on the pension from when the Taxpayer became a US person.
International Reporting Forms
In addition to including the foreign pension on a tax return for tax purposes, there is also the international information reporting component which can be very complicated. Below please find some of the more common international information reporting forms to consider when determining whether the foreign pension should be reported for U.S. tax purposes.
FBAR Due Date and Extension
The FBAR is used to report foreign bank and financial accounts to the US Government. The Form is due on April 15, but is currently on automatic extension. Therefore, if you did not file the FBAR (FinCEN Form 114) by April 15, you still have until October to file it. And, you do not have to file an extension form such as Form 4868 or 7004 to obtain the FBAR extension — because the extension is automatically granted.
Form 8938 Due Date and Extension
Form 8938 is used to report foreign assets to the IRS in accordance with FATCA (Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act). It is similar (but not identical) to the FBAR. Form 8938 is filed with your tax return and is due when your tax return is due. If you are an individual filing a Form 1040, then the Form 8938 would be due in April along with your 1040 tax return — but if you extend the time to file your tax return, then your Form 8938 will go on extension as well.
Form 3520 Due Date and Extension
Form 3520 is used to report foreign gifts and foreign trust information. The due date for Form 3520 is generally April 15, but taxpayers can obtain an extension to file Form 3520 by filing an extension to file their tax return for that year. Similar to Form 8938, there is no specific Form 3520 extension form required beyond requesting an extension of the underlying tax return.
Form 3520-A Due Date and Extension
Form 3520-A is used to report US ownership of a Foreign Trust. Unlike Form 3520, Form 3520–A is usually due in March and not April. In addition, the rules for filing an extension for Form 3520-A are different as well (subject to the substitute filing rules). To extend the due date to file Form 3520-A, the taxpayer must file a separate Form 7004 extension form.
Form 5471 Due Date and Extension
Form 5471 is used to report the ownership of certain foreign corporations. The filing date is the same as when a person’s tax return is due — and if the taxpayer files an extension for the underlying tax return, Form 5471 will go on extension as well. In recent years, Form 5471 has become infinitely more complex — so taxpayers should be cognizant of the different filing requirements and plan accordingly.
Late Filing Penalties May be Reduced or Avoided
For Taxpayers who did not timely file or report their income and file their FBAR and other international information-related reporting forms, the IRS has developed many different offshore amnesty programs to assist taxpayers with safely getting into compliance. These programs may reduce or even eliminate international reporting penalties.
Current Year vs Prior Year Non-Compliance
Once a taxpayer missed the tax and reporting (such as FBAR and FATCA) requirements for prior years, they will want to be careful before submitting their information to the IRS in the current year. That is because they may risk making a quiet disclosure if they just begin filing forward in the current year and/or mass filing previous year forms without doing so under one of the approved IRS offshore submission procedures. Before filing prior untimely foreign reporting forms, taxpayers should consider speaking with a Board-Certified Tax Law Specialist who specializes exclusively in these types of offshore disclosure matters.
Avoid False Offshore Disclosure Submissions (Willful vs Non-Willful)
In recent years, the IRS has increased the level of scrutiny for certain streamlined procedure submissions. When a person is non-willful, they have an excellent chance of making a successful submission to Streamlined Procedures. If they are willful, they would submit to the IRS Voluntary Disclosure Program instead. But, if a willful Taxpayer submits an intentionally false narrative under the Streamlined Procedures (and gets caught), they may become subject to significant fines and penalties.
Need Help Finding an Experienced Offshore Tax Attorney?
When it comes to hiring an experienced international tax attorney to represent you for unreported foreign and offshore account reporting, it can become overwhelming for taxpayers trying to trek through all the false information and nonsense they will find in their online research. There are only a handful of attorneys worldwide who are Board-Certified Tax Specialists and who specialize exclusively in offshore disclosure and international tax amnesty reporting.
Golding & Golding: About Our International Tax Law Firm
Golding & Golding specializes exclusively in international tax, specifically IRS offshore disclosure.
Contact our firm today for assistance.